Jetzt eBook herunterladen & mit Ihrem Tablet oder eBook Reader lesen. The Fourth Gospel is a highly intellectual account of Jesus' life, and is familiar with Rabbinic traditions of biblical interpretation. Modern-day Bible scholars study the Johannine community for help in understanding interreligious squabbles. The Theology of the Gospel of John; The themes of Johannine theology; The Theology of the Gospel of John. This article challenges the historical existence of the ‘Johannine community’ – a hypothesized group of ancient churches sharing a distinctive theological outlook. [31] The Fourth Gospel may also have been written later as it was penned for a smaller group within the Johannine community, and was not circulated widely until a later date. [9], In the case of Revelation, many modern scholars agree that it was written by a separate author, John of Patmos, c. 95 with some parts possibly dating to Nero's reign in the early 60s. With Carson’s commentary and Harris’ exegetical guide, you will be well prepared to begin any new study on John’s gospel. James Moffatt, "Ninety Years After: A survey of Bretschneider's 'Probabilia' in the Light of Subsequent Johannine Criticism,", James Moffatt, "Ninety Year After: A survey of Bretschneider's 'Probabilia' in the Light of Subsequent Johannine Criticism,". [30][56], Most scholars agree that all three letters are written by the same author, although there is debate on who that author is. It was the gnostics, the Marcionites, and the Montanists who first used it and introduced it to the Christian community."[41]. J. Colson suggested that "John" was a priest in Jerusalem, explaining the alleged priestly mentality in the fourth gospel. However, more recent scholarship has shown the fragment may date from as late as the third or fourth century, rather than the second century, as was previously supposed. [citation needed], Bultmann's analysis is still widely applied in German-speaking countries, although with many corrections and discussions. Scholars have debated the authorship of Johannine literature since at least the third century, but especially since the Enlightenment. [61] In both works, the same basic concepts are explored: the Word, the incarnation, the passing from death to life, the truth and lies, etc. [citation needed], Gnosticism scholar Elaine Pagels claimed in 2003 that the author of the Fourth Gospel was a Gnostic, citing similarities with the Gospel of Thomas and the Gospel of Philip. Most scholars conclude that the apostle John, son of Zebedee, wrote none of the Johannine works, including the Gospel of John (that is therefore sometimes referred to as the 'Fourth Gospel' in order to dissociate John from it). Number of times cited according to CrossRef: 1. [73] This identification, however, was denied by other Fathers, including Dionysius of Alexandria, Eusebius of Caesarea, Cyril of Jerusalem, Gregory Nazianzen, and John Chrysostom. The adversaries of Montanism were responsible. de Boer, Esther, 2004. [citation needed], The First Epistle of John assumes knowledge of the Gospel of John, and some scholars think that the epistle's author might have been the one who redacted the gospel. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The debate focuses mainly on the identity of the author(s), as well as the date and location of authorship of these writings. The Gospel of John and the Historical Jesus. The Special Character of John. Part 2Johannine Christology in Hellenistic and Jewish Contexts . This accessible guide to the Gospel and Letters of John introduces readers to key issues arising from historical, literary, and theological approaches to the Johannine literature, also discussing the methodological rationale underlying each of these approaches. [82] Contemporary scholars note that when Revelation and the Gospel refer to Jesus as "lamb" they use different Greek words, and they spell "Jerusalem" differently. The Johannine Gospel in Gnostic Exegesis: Heracleon's Commentary on John (Society of Biblical Literature Monograph Series) The Gnostic Gospels Why Religion? [45](4:37) Even if the beloved disciple is to be accepted as the author of the Fourth Gospel, however, this still leaves open the question of what the identity of this beloved disciple was. Annotated Bibliography. Among modern analyses of the origin and development of John’s Christology, the socio-religious analysis of Wayne A. Meeks advances one of the most compelling and suggestive theses in recent years, addressing the riddles pertaining to the puzzling presentation of Jesus as a prophet-king like Moses in John 6:14-15. The Pharisees appear to be the first to question John’s credentials and calling. 2 John: Introduction, Argument, and Outline", Eusebius: Church History (Book VII), Chapter 25, Euserbius: Church History (Book III, Chapter 39), Discussion of the view that John the Apostle did not write the book, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Authorship_of_the_Johannine_works&oldid=999309111, Articles with dead external links from October 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles needing copy edit from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2021, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Articles with failed verification from January 2021, Articles needing additional references from January 2021, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [37] He argued that the meaning and nature of Jesus presented in the Gospel of John was very different from that in the Synoptic Gospels, and thus its author could not have been an eyewitness to the events. [2][4] Although some scholars conclude the author of the epistles was different from that of the gospel, most scholars agree that all three epistles are written by the same author. [citation needed] Although ever since the 2nd century some people[who?] At most, the author is merely referred to as 'John' (and the Fourth Gospel as 'Gospel of John') for the sake of convention, a placeholder name for an otherwise unknown person. It is full of long dialogues, it speaks of “signs” rather than exorcisms or miracles, and its narrative differs at many points from the Synoptics. While John drew on an authentic tradition of Jesus' words and deeds, various influences had modified that tradition in the six or seven decades separating Jesus from the evangelist. "[60] Starting with Heinrich Julius Holtzmann, however, and continuing with C. H. Dodd, some scholars have maintained that the epistle and the gospel were written by different authors. Themes in the Gospel are also repeated throughout–themes such as ascending and descending, light and darkness, seeing and knowing. [61] There are at least two principal arguments for this view. Later Epiphanius called this group, who were followers of the priest Caius, the Alogi in a wordplay between "without the Word" and "without reason". Polycarp of Smyrna quotes from the letters of John, as does Justin Martyr. New York: Oxford University Press. More inclusive than many other bibliographies, this volume provides reference to over 1300 individual entries." He hypothesized a Gnostic origin (specifically Mandaeanism which maintains that Jesus was a mšiha kdaba or "false prophet,") for the work. An Introduction to the Johannine Gospel and Letters, eBook pdf (pdf eBook) von Jan Van Der Watt bei hugendubel.de als Download für Tolino, eBook-Reader, PC, Tablet und Smartphone. [51] Internal evidence as well as commentary by Papias and Polycarp suggest that the Johannine epistles originated in Asia Minor. Check if you have access via personal or institutional login. The work of such scholars brought the consensus back to a Palestinian origin for the text, rather than the Hellenistic origin favored by the critics of the previous decades. McGregor (1928) and W.F. The Theology of the Johannine Gospel as an Imaginary-Narrative Reality by: Tilborg, Sjef van 1939-2003 Published: (1994) ; Cosmological implications of Johannine Christology by: Tilborg, Sjef van 1939-2003 Published: (2005) ; Johannine research by: Nielsen, Helge Kjaer Published: (1999) Chapter 2The Quest for the Messiah: an Inquiry Concerning the Formation of the Johannine Christology. 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