In other words, learners must be flexible in their understanding of a topic to apply important concepts.”. This chapter examines the labeling function of language, in this case as an aid to cognitive flexibility. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Cognitive flexibility, constructivism, and hypertext: Random access instruction for advanced knowledge acquisition in ill-structured domains. Spiro and Jehng explained that cognitive flexibility means that students have the ability to restructure their knowledge as a response to the cognitive demands of various learning situations. “Cognitive Flexibility Theory” in Discourses on Learning in Education. The aspect of Cognitive Flexibility Theory that … Students are constantly switching gears, moving from science to English, to recess, and so on throughout the day. Let's identify the key elements of cognitive flexibility theory. According to Spiro (1992): Any effective approach to instruction must simultaneously consider several highly intertwined topics, such as: Therefore: see Cognitive flexibility hypertexts but also case-based learning. & Jehng, J. C. (1990). Cognitive flexibility is strengthened when your brain has more neural pathways and connections. (Sprio, Feltovich, Jacobson & Coulson, 1991). Gratitude enhances cognitive flexibility through the following mechanisms; The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. 2003). Cognitive flexibility is the human ability to adapt the cognitive processing strategies to face new and unex-pected conditions in the environment (Cañas et al. The cognitive flexibility theory intends to foster the learners' ability to spontaneously reconstruct their … In D. Nix & R. Spiro (Eds. This article is filled with a lot of background information to help you to build a strong foundation. Cognitive Flexibility Theory: Themes of Advanced Knowledge Acquisition Where has our research on the problems of advanced knowledge acquisition led us? of Cognitive Flexibility Theory, see Spiro et al. Learning is seen in terms of integration of new information into existing structures through processes of internal codification. [.... ] Cognitive flexibility … Why the risk of cognitive flexibility is lack of identity? Definition of Cognitive flexibility in the Definitions.net dictionary. defined as the ability to switch one’s thinking (cognition) (or train of thought) as an adaptation to the demands of stimuli In other words, learners must be flexible in their understanding of a topic to apply important concepts.”, “In summary: Ill-structured aspects of knowledge pose problems for advanced knowledge acquisition that are remedied by the principles of Cognitive Flexibility Theory. 163-205). the constructive nature of understanding; the complex and ill-structured features of many, if not most, knowledge domains; a theory of learning that addresses known patterns of learning failure. Cognitive Flexibility Theory is asserted to be among Non-Trivial Constructivisms, concerned with learning in complex domains in which ill-structured situations are common, such as history, biology, law, and medicine. Spiro, R. J., Feltovich, P. J., Jacobson, M. J., & Coulson, R. L. (1992). We refer to the principled use of flexible features inherent in computers to produce nonlinear learning environments as Random Access Instruction (Spiro & Jehng, 1990).". Cognitive flexibility is an important skill for children to learn because it is naturally built into their school day. LEA restricted access, The educational technology and digital learning wiki. How to Improve Cognitive Flexibility Skills 57-76). Moreover, it refers to simultaneously considering multiple aspects of thought at once, whether they be two aspects of a specific object, or many aspects of a complex situation. Despite some disagreement in the literature about how to operationally define the term, one commonality is that cognitive flexibility is a component of executive functioning. Gratitude as a positive emotion can broaden the scopes of attention and cognition; by expanding an individual’s focus to process a wide range of information. 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