We therefore supply ‘you’ in our explanation of the preceding part of the verse, the whole being hortatory in its tone. We often forget this fact. (Whiteside p. 263), "for now is salvation nearer to us than when we first believed"-eternal salvation, since they already had the forgiveness of their sins. The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, "that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. Undoubtedly we must accept such an application and press it as a motive, but the other view seems to be the correct one. When describing "time" (KJV) or "season" (ASV), Paul used one of two very important New Testament words. Every hour brings the expected end nearer. The day of the Lord is a very familiar expression in the Scriptures to designate any time of the special manifestation of the divine presence, either for judgment or mercy; see Ezekiel 13:5; Joel 1:15; Isaiah 2:12; Isaiah 13:6, Isaiah 13:9. This is in the line of all our Lord's teaching, which represents the decisive day of Christ's second appearing as at hand, to keep believers ever in the attitude of wakeful expectancy, but without reference to the chronological nearness or distance of that event. And that, ([ kai (G2532) touto (G5124)], rather, 'And this' [do]), knowing the time ('season') - "these last days" (Hebrews 1:2), "the end of the world" (Hebrews 9:26); that is, the final economy of grace, before the second coming of Christ, That now it is high time, [ hoora (Greek #5610) eedee (Greek #2235)] - 'that now is the hour' for us. We do not follow a God of chaos, each doing whatever we want. A second interpretation very generally received of late is, that the reference is to the second advent of Christ. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. In many places these words convey two separate ideas (in other texts, however, they can be synonymous). Therefore whoever resists the authority resists the ordinance of God, and those who resist will bring judgment on themselves. They lived at a crucial point in history! 12 The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. Romans 13:11-14: Our Responsibilities Under Grace - Part 12 by Dr. Wayne A. Barber. The Apostle Paul seems to be doing something in chapter 13 that he has done earlier in the book of Romans. It is now time to get out the cake and presents, not "watch the clock and calendar.". And this is in the light of the fact that our salvation ( the final redemption of our bodies and enjoyment of the life to come) is nearer now than it was at that time when we began to believe. Sleep; the insensibility and inactvity of sin. And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons which the Father hath put in his own power," Acts 1:6, Acts 1:7. When the day arrives, the child says, "today is my birthday." Saved here is used in the sense of our being set completely free – body, soul, spirit – in Eternity. The doctrine in these verses Romans 13:11-14, therefore, is, "that a deep conviction of the nearness of eternity will prompt to an upright life in the contact of man with man. Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed," etc., 2 Thessalonians 2:1-3; and 2 Thessalonians 2:5, "Remember ye not, that when I was yet with you, I told you these things?" Sorry for the clickbait title, because Romans 13 isn’t for dummies… it’s not an easy passage to interpret, and takes some effort to understand in context. James Rosscup writes that "This was the great work in the life of the versatile Dean of Canterbury. But as the days of Noe were, so shall the coming of the Son of man be," Matthew 24:36, Matthew 24:37. From that moment Christ began in us His saving work. The consideration by which this exhortation is enforced, is, that the night is far spent, and that the day is at hand, the time of deliverance is fast approaching. p. 699), "Awake out of sleep" is an exhortation to alertness in spirit, a throwing off of lethargy. This is the reason why it is time to be up and active, salvation is at hand. So in this case, ‘We must discharge our various duties, and that knowing,' etc., i.e., ‘the rather, because we know,' etc. The true, the genuine Christian life is like the state of a man whose eyes are open and whose faculties are all alert and vigorous. Here are some examples: Matthew 8:29 (demons recognize a "special time" for their existence); Matthew 12:1 (under the Old Testament the Sabbath day was a "special time"-see too Jesus' words in verse8, another indication of why this occasion was so important); Matthew 13:30 (harvest time is a "special time"); Matthew 21:34 (there is a "season" for fruit); Mark 1:15 (the "time" had come for the kingdom of God); Luke 8:13 (temptation is a "special time" because it can destroy our relationship with God); Acts 7:20 (when referring to the "time" of Moses' birth, those in the first century were not thinking of the actual day and hour he was born. The sleeper, now awake, is urged to dress as befits someone who is to face the day by throwing off his night attire." "They (the apostles) asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore the kingdom to Israel? 11 And do this, understanding the present time: The hour has already come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed. Words in boxes are from the Bible. He himself knew that he could not know the time; and therefore he could not, and did not, teach any error on this point. Matthew tells us the conversation between Jesus and the Pharisees and the Sadducees. There are three leading interpretations of this clause. Paul is essentially saying get ready, man-up, its time to get serious about our faith. considering the nature and character of the period in which we now live. 11.Moreover, know the time, that it is even now the very time for us to awake from sleep; for nearer now is our salvation than when we, 12.believed: the night has advanced, and the day has approached; let us then cast away the works of darkness, and let us put on the. Greek. Verse 11 is a summons to action based on the coming of Christ. Many refer the word believed to the time of the law, as though Paul had said, that the Jews believed before Christ came; which view I reject as unnatural and strained; and surely to confine a general truth to a small part of the Church, would have been wholly inconsistent. But we, who always stand in the sight of God and of angels, and whom Christ, the true sun of righteousness, invites to his presence, we indeed ought to be much more careful to beware of every kind of pollution. Compare, The apostle, with a startling abruptness, as if from a sudden impulse, turns from the law to the great and closing execution of the law at the judgment seat of Christ. Far … Bruce p. 240), "already it is time for you to awake out of sleep"-"it is time to wake up to reality" (Phi); "it is time for you at once to awake" (Gr. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Romans. Nearer than—Each passing moment draws us nearer to the gates of blessedness. Study the bible online using commentary on Romans 13:11 and more! "To ‘sleep' indicates unconcern. Imagine how you would feel if you were told that you had only a few months to live. ‘And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of sleep, for now is salvation nearer to us than when we (first) believed.’. The whole passage is a word picture. Romans 13:12 » Romans 13:11b. Paul evidently refers to something of more general and permanent interest than the overthrow of the Jewish nation, and the consequent freedom of the Gentile converts from their persecutions. Romans 13:11 And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of sleep: for now is salvation nearer to us than when we {first} believed. 11.And that—The apostle, with a startling abruptness, as if from a sudden impulse, turns from the law to the great and closing execution of the law at the judgment seat of Christ. This same message still needs to be preached because the Lord's final return continues to grow closer and closer. (11) And that, knowing the time.—And that there is all the more urgent motive for you to do—this law of love it is the more incumbent on you to practise—because you know what a critical moment it is in which you are living. The imagery seems to be taken originally from our Lord’s discourse concerning his coming: see Matthew 24:42; Mark 13:33, and Luke 21:28-38, where several points of similarity to our Romans 13:11-14 occur’ (Alford). He was under no illusions about the permanence of his present opportunity of preaching the gospel without let or hindrance, but he was determined to exploit it to the full while it lasted." But it’s worth digging in. Read Alford's fascinating brief biography and Phil Johnson's related comments. пояснение к 8:23). But of the times and seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you, for ye yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night," 1 Thessalonians 5:1, 1 Thessalonians 5:2. The original word ( καιρός) does not mean time in the general sense, but a portion of time considered as appropriate, as fixed, as short, etc. Even though Paul knew (by inspiration) that the Lord would not come in his lifetime (2 Thessalonians 2:3), yet he always had a strong sense of the nearness of that Day when Christ would Come! We too quickly have early believers divorcing themselves from the synagogue, discarding … 5. So also God or Christ is said to come to any person or place, when he makes any remarkable exhibition of his power or grace. Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. (Alford p. 956), "knowing the season"-"you know the crisis that we are in" (Mon); "realizing the situation" (Wey); "make no mistake about the age we live in" (Knox) "The critical period, not time in general" (Robertson p. 409), Some think that this refers to the "second coming". Some will have the sense to be, that our salvation is now nearer, when the gospel is preached, and Christ offers us his graces, than when we believed the Messias was to come. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep; for now is our salvation nearer than then we believed. The word for “time” is different from that used in the next clause, and means a definite and critical season. Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Preacher's Complete Homiletical Commentary, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Living By Faith: Commentary on Romans & 1st Corinthians. 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